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What is an environmental factors and its examples?

environmental factors

An environmental factors, ecological factor or eco factor is any factor abiotic or biotic, that affect living organisms. Abiotic factors include ambient temperature, amount of sunlight, soil, water, and pH of the soil in which the organism lives.

Abiotic factors are non-living factors in the environmental factors that affect living organisms. They can tell how tall trees grow, where animals and plants live, and why birds migrate. Water, sunlight, oxygen, soil, temperature, atmosphere, pH, humidity, weather.
Abiotic factors are chemical or physical environmental factors. Interactions between abiotic factors are important because they affect biological conditions, such as the growth of different plants in an ecosystem. Abiotic factors are the living parts of the ecosystem that determine the environmental factors. Examples of terrestrial ecosystems include heat, light and water. Abiotic factors in marine ecosystems include salinity and ocean currents.

The top five abiotic factors are:

environmental factors


Wind is an important abiotic factor as it affects evapotranspiration and respiration rates. Air energy is also important because it can influence soil, water or other abiotic factors and organisms in the ecosystem.


Is the water biological or organic environmental factors? Water is also an important inorganic substance. As someone said: “No matter how rich you are, you can’t live without water.” All living things need water as an essential element. Water covers 71% of the Earth’s surface and some living things contain up to 95%.


The earth’s atmosphere sustains life. The oxygen used by living things (plants, animals and humans) comes from the atmosphere. The atmosphere consists of four important layers (troposphere, stratosphere, ozonosphere and mesosphere).


Is the temperature inorganic or organic? Temperature is an important abiotic factor because changes in temperature can alter plants and animals. Yake, for example, live in tropical climates where camels live in extremely cold climates.

Chemical elements

Everything is made of chemicals, and chemicals are important inorganic components of the biological environmental factors. For example, plants like onions grow in acidic soils. Some elements, copper for example, are essential micronutrients for many organisms.

For the full list of abiotic factors, see below:

1. The sun is bright
2. water
3. Damp
4. The temperature
5. The salinity of the rain
6. Soil types
7. Metal
8. oxygen is dissolved
9. Mineral elements in soil
10. Storm
11. Sick

Examples of abiotic factors

Terrestrial ecosystems. Examples of terrestrial ecosystems include water (H2O), light and heat. Marine ecosystems. Examples of marine ecosystems include ocean currents and salinity. Different environmental factors have different abiotic factors. Let’s look at different environments and abiotic factors.

Biotic factors

environmental factors

Biotic factors are living organisms that affect other organisms and shape an ecosystem. They include: 

  • Producers: Also known as autotrophs, these organisms create their own food.
  • Consumers: Also known as heterotrophs, these organisms consume other living organisms for food and energy. Examples include bacteria, fungi, animals, and parasitic plants.
  • Decomposers: Also known as detritivores, these organisms break down dead organisms and return their basic components to the soil. Examples include bacteria and fungi

Biological factors include plants, animals, bacteria, etc. distinguished by its appearance and divided into three main groups.

1. Producers


3. Decomposers

1. Producers

Producers are autotrophs.
They use inorganic substances and energy to make food. This is known as early life. Because in the early days there were no customers. There are two main manufacturers.

a. Photoautotrophs


a. Photoautotrophs

Sunlight and carbon dioxide. Typically, the pigment chlorophyll is used to absorb photons from the sun. It also contains pigments such as rhodopsin and carotenoids found in various bacteria, algae and phytoplankton. It is used for photosynthesis. sugars, proteins, fats. Examples: weeds, green algae, and some bacteria.

b. Chemoautotrophs

They use chemicals like hydrogen, iron and sulfur as energy. It is often found in places where there are no trees. They are found at the bottom of a lake or in acidic warm water. They also help in nitrogen fixation. Examples of chemotrophic substances: methanogens. These include microbes that can produce methane.


It is also called living together. They do not prepare food like producers. This applies to all versions. The herbivore is very active. Livestock such as cattle, buffaloes and goats depend directly on them for food, their first rulers. They are carnivores. Like lions, tigers eat meat. It depends on weeds for food. They are secondary users. All predators, like dogs and cats, depend on plants and animals

3. Decomposers

Also known as detritivores. Producers and consumers are encouraged to use organic ingredients. Decomposers play an important role in ecosystems because they break down complex substances into simpler forms. Such a simple model can be reused by other organisms. This includes various soil bacteria, fungi, worms and flies. When animals die, they decay. Plants and fruits begin to rot due to the presence of decaying substances. Decomposition plays an important role in waste conversion. Decomposition examples: onions like compost In our daily life, we come across a lot of waste while preparing food. Garbage, vegetables, fruits, etc. These are collected separately and kept in the palace. This will provide large quantities of organic fertilizers for farm use in the near future.

Blog by: ExpertSadar

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