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What Is Air Pollution And Its Types?


Air pollution is any change in the atmosphere, chemical or biological. Air pollution, including gases, dust and fumes, has serious effects on plants, animals and people.

There are many gases in the atmosphere. It becomes less viable when the gas concentration increases or decreases. This gas imbalance has led to an increase in global temperatures, which is called global warming.

There are two types of air pollutants:

Primary Pollution

Direct air pollution is called primary pollution. Industrial sulfur dioxide is a major source of water pollution.

Secondary pollution

Pollutants formed due to mixing and reaction of primary pollutants are called secondary pollutants. Smog, a mixture of smoke and fog, is the second most common source of pollution.

Causes of Air Pollution

Burning fossil fuels

Burning fossil fuels releases large amounts of sulfur dioxide. Carbon monoxide, produced by the illegal burning of fossil fuels, also contributes to air pollution.

A big car
Emissions from vehicles such as jeeps, trucks, cars, buses etc. It pollutes the environment. They are responsible for the greenhouse gases that cause human diseases.

Agricultural business
Ammonia is one of the most dangerous gases in agriculture. Pesticides, pesticides and fertilizers release harmful chemicals into the environment and pollute it.

factories and industries
Factories and industrial plants are sources of carbon monoxide, organic carbon, hydrocarbons and chemicals. They are released into the environment, where their quality deteriorates.

Mining operations
In mining, oil is extracted from underground using heavy machinery. The dust and chemicals released during this process not only pollute the air but also harm the health of workers and bystanders.

Source from home
Cleaning and hygiene products contain toxic chemicals that are released into the air. The smell of freshly painted walls is the smell of paint chemicals. It not only pollutes the air but also affects the respiratory system.


Air pollution in closed rooms

Air pollution is often seen in the form of smoke from heavy factories or vehicles. However, there are many types of indoor air pollution.

Heating your home by burning fuels like kerosene, wood and coal can pollute indoor air. Dust and smoke are difficult to breathe and stick to walls, food and clothing.

Natural gas radon, a carcinogen, also accumulates indoors. Radon comes from the Earth’s atmosphere. Simple systems that can be installed commercially can reduce radon levels.

Some construction materials, such as waterproofing materials, also pose a risk to human health. Additionally, toxic fumes can be dispersed by wind or air movement in buildings and surroundings. Mold colonies can be found in damp, cool places, such as between walls. Mold spores are airborne and spread throughout the home. Inhaling the spores can make people sick.

Why is air pollution important?

Clean air is important for a healthy environment. Environmental pollution can pose serious threats to human health and the environment.

Air pollution can cause serious health problems such as asthma, cancer, and heart disease. These health effects are more severe for vulnerable groups such as children and the elderly.

This serious impact on public health also has economic implications. Taking the right steps to reduce emissions and air pollution can reduce these costs by up to 70%.

The health of our society depends on clean air, and air loss can negatively impact agriculture and biodiversity.

Effects of air pollution

Air pollution causes serious health problems and has a negative impact on the environment. According to the World Health Organization, this is the biggest environmental health problem we face today. Severe air pollution kills between 28,000 and 36,000 people each year in the UK. In the short term, air pollution causes symptoms such as coughing, eye irritation, and headaches.

But as it turns out, it’s more dangerous. Chronic  Fog can cause heart disease and some types of cancer. Air pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide irritate the airways and put you at risk for diseases such as asthma. Air pollution in the early stages of pregnancy inhibits lung development and causes babies to be born with low birth weight. Particles smaller than 10 micrometers, or PM10, are too small to enter the lungs and pose serious health risks. In some cases, particles can enter the bloodstream from here.

Ozone is known for protecting the air from harmful UV rays, which cause serious health problems on Earth. Ozone causes respiratory diseases, asthma, and lung diseases. Researchers believe that  fog can cause mental health problems and increase the risk of dementia.  Fog also affects our environment. Harmful gases such as nitrogen dioxide and ozone damage forests and crops. It also produces essential nutrients in the soil and water. High pollution levels reduce airflow and limit driver visibility. Air pollution is exacerbating climate change, causing extreme weather events and food shortages.

Blog By: ExpertSadar

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